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Nov 20, 2023

Describe Sigmund freud's stages of personality development?

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Nov 20, 2023
Sigmund Freud proposed a theory of personality development that consists of five stages. These stages are known as psychosexual stages, as they are based on the development of sexual energy or libido. Here is a brief description of each stage:

1. Oral Stage (0-1 year): This stage focuses on the mouth as the primary source of pleasure. Infants derive pleasure from sucking, biting, and chewing. If this stage is not successfully resolved, it can lead to oral fixation, resulting in behaviors such as smoking, overeating, or excessive talking.

2. Anal Stage (1-3 years): During this stage, children experience pleasure from bowel movements and the control they have over them. Freud believed that successful toilet training is crucial for the child's development. If the child experiences excessive control or lack of control during this stage, it can lead to anal-retentive or anal-expulsive personality traits.

3. Phallic Stage (3-6 years): In this stage, children become aware of their genitals and develop unconscious sexual desires for the opposite-sex parent, known as the Oedipus complex in boys and the Electra complex in girls. Children may also experience anxiety and guilt due to these forbidden desires. Successful resolution of this stage involves identification with the same-sex parent.

4. Latency Stage (6-12 years): During this stage, sexual desires are repressed, and children focus on developing social and intellectual skills. Freud believed that this stage is a period of relative calm and stability in terms of psychosexual development.

5. Genital Stage (puberty onwards): This stage marks the onset of sexual maturity and the reawakening of sexual desires. Individuals seek to establish intimate relationships and engage in sexual activities. Successful resolution of this stage involves the ability to form healthy and mature relationships.

It is important to note that Freud's theory has been heavily criticized and is not widely accepted in its entirety. However, it has had a significant impact on the field of psychology and continues to be influential in certain areas.
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