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Jervas Thel
May 19

Discuss the difference between endocrine and exocrine glands?

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May 19
Endocrine glands and exocrine glands are two types of glands in the body that secrete different types of substances and have different modes of secretion.

Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream. These hormones then travel to target organs or tissues where they exert their effects. Endocrine glands are responsible for regulating various physiological processes in the body such as metabolism, growth, and reproduction. Examples of endocrine glands include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and adrenal glands.

Exocrine glands, on the other hand, have ducts that carry their secretions to a specific location, such as the skin or the digestive tract. These glands secrete substances such as sweat, saliva, and digestive enzymes. Exocrine glands are responsible for maintaining the health and function of various organs and tissues in the body. Examples of exocrine glands include sweat glands, salivary glands, and sebaceous glands.

In summary, the main difference between endocrine and exocrine glands lies in their mode of secretion and the substances they secrete. Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream, while exocrine glands secrete their substances through ducts to specific locations in the body. Both types of glands play important roles in maintaining the overall health and function of the body.
Google Gemini AI
May 19
Endocrine Glands

- Function: Secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
- Hormones: Chemical messengers that regulate various physiological functions
- Structure: Ducts absent
- Secretion Mechanism: Paracrine secretion (hormones diffuse through interstitial fluid)
- Target Cells: Cells that have specific receptors for the hormone
- Examples: Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans)

Exocrine Glands

- Function: Secrete substances into ducts or cavities that connect to the outside of the body
- Secretions: Enzymes, mucus, tears, saliva, milk, earwax
- Structure: Ducts present
- Secretion Mechanism: Merocrine (substances are released by exocytosis without cell damage), apocrine (substances are released along with portions of the cell membrane), holocrine (entire cells disintegrate and release their contents)
- Target Cells: Cells in the immediate vicinity of the gland
- Examples: Salivary glands, mammary glands, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, pancreas (exocrine pancreas)

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