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Nov 16, 2023

Eric Erickson's stages of personality? ?

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Nov 16, 2023
Erik Erikson's stages of personality development are as follows:

1. Trust vs. Mistrust (Infancy, 0-1 year): Infants learn to trust or mistrust their caregivers based on the consistency and reliability of their care.

2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (Early Childhood, 1-3 years): Children develop a sense of independence and autonomy as they learn to do things for themselves, or they may develop shame and doubt if their attempts are criticized or restricted.

3. Initiative vs. Guilt (Preschool, 3-6 years): Children begin to take initiative in their activities and explore their environment, developing a sense of purpose. However, if they are overly criticized or controlled, they may develop feelings of guilt.

4. Industry vs. Inferiority (School Age, 6-12 years): Children develop a sense of competence and accomplishment through their efforts in school and other activities. If they experience repeated failures or lack of support, they may develop feelings of inferiority.

5. Identity vs. Role Confusion (Adolescence, 12-18 years): Adolescents explore and develop a sense of self-identity, including their values, beliefs, and goals. If they are unable to establish a clear identity, they may experience role confusion.

6. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young Adulthood, 18-40 years): Young adults form intimate relationships and develop a sense of connection and commitment. If they are unable to form these relationships, they may experience feelings of isolation.

7. Generativity vs. Stagnation (Middle Adulthood, 40-65 years): Adults strive to contribute to society and make a positive impact on future generations. If they feel unproductive or stagnant, they may experience a sense of dissatisfaction.

8. Integrity vs. Despair (Late Adulthood, 65+ years): Older adults reflect on their lives and evaluate their accomplishments. If they feel a sense of fulfillment and wisdom, they develop integrity. However, if they have regrets or feel a lack of purpose, they may experience despair.
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