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Derick Makatu
Mar 22
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Mar 22
There are several theories that attempt to explain gender development, including:

1. Social learning theory: This theory suggests that gender roles and behaviors are learned through observation, imitation, and reinforcement. Children learn what is considered appropriate behavior for their gender by observing and imitating the behaviors of others, such as parents, peers, and media figures.

2. Cognitive development theory: This theory, proposed by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, suggests that children develop an understanding of gender identity and roles as they mature cognitively. According to this theory, children go through stages of gender development, starting with a basic understanding of gender identity and progressing to a more complex understanding of gender roles and stereotypes.

3. Gender schema theory: This theory, proposed by psychologist Sandra Bem, suggests that children develop gender schemas, or mental frameworks, that influence how they interpret and respond to gender-related information. These schemas are shaped by societal norms and expectations and can influence how children perceive themselves and others in terms of gender.

4. Biological theories: Some researchers argue that biological factors, such as hormones and genetics, play a role in gender development. For example, prenatal exposure to certain hormones may influence the development of gender identity and behavior. Additionally, genetic factors may contribute to differences in gender-related traits and behaviors.

Overall, gender development is a complex and multifaceted process that is influenced by a combination of biological, social, and cognitive factors.

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