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Apr 12

Identify 7 causes of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates?

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Apr 12
1. Physiological jaundice: This is the most common cause of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates and occurs due to the immature liver's inability to efficiently process bilirubin.

2. Breastfeeding jaundice: This occurs when a baby is not getting enough breast milk, leading to dehydration and reduced bilirubin excretion.

3. Breast milk jaundice: Some babies develop jaundice due to substances in breast milk that can interfere with bilirubin metabolism.

4. Hemolytic disease: This occurs when there is an increased breakdown of red blood cells, leading to elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood.

5. ABO incompatibility: When a baby's blood type is incompatible with the mother's, it can lead to hemolysis and subsequent hyperbilirubinemia.

6. G6PD deficiency: Babies with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency are at increased risk of developing jaundice due to increased red blood cell breakdown.

7. Infections: Certain infections, such as sepsis or urinary tract infections, can cause hyperbilirubinemia in neonates.

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